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6th Grade: Centers of Civilization: EGYPT
Big Idea
People are motivated by different social, political, religious, and economic reasons.

People have unlimited wants and only limited resources.

Major religions and belief systems developed as civilizations grew, which unified societies, but also became a major source of tension and conflict.
Essential Questions
  • What are the key characteristics of the Egyptian culture and the surrounding areas?
  • What is the importance of the Nile River to civilization?
  • How does religion shape a civilization?
  • How does religion shape the world around me?
  • How does culture shape the world around me?
  • How do humans positively and negatively affect the natural word around us?
  • What do people do to remain safe during devastating natural disasters?
  • How does the government affect the people it is designed for?

Determine how the following factors influenced groups of people to develop into civilizations in Egypt, India, Mesopotamia, and China
  • farming methods
  • domestication of animals
  • division of labor
  • geographic factors
Identify the roles and contributions of individuals in the following ancient civilizations
  • Greece (e.g., Sophocles, Euripides, Pericles, Homer)
  • Alexander the Great
  • Rome (e.g., Julius Caesar, Augustus)
  • China (e.g., Qin Shi Huan Di, Confucius)
  • Egypt (e.g., Hatshepsut, Ramses, Cleopatra)
Describe ways that human dependence on natural resources influences economic development, settlement, trade and migration.
Describe the importance of the following river valleys in the development of ancient civilizations
  • Tigris and Euphrates - Mesopotamia
  • Nile - Egypt
  • Huang He - China
  • Indus- India
Describe the structure of the following governments
  • theocracy
  • dictatorship
  • republic
  • monarchy
  • democracy
  • anarchy
Describe the intended and unintended consequences of human modification (e.g., irrigation, aqueducts, canals) on the environment.
Compare the forms of government of the following ancient civilizations
  • Mesopotamia - laws of Hammurabi
  • Egypt - theocracy
  • China - dynasty
Describe the factors that cause regions and places to change.
Identify the way humans respond to/ prepare for natural hazards (i.e., lightning, flash floods, dust storms, tornadoes, hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes) in order to remain safe.
Describe the religious traditions that helped shape the culture of the following ancient civilizations
  • Sumeria, India - polytheism
  • Egypt - belief in an afterlife
  • China - ancestor worship
  • Middle East - monotheism
Describe the interactions of people in different places and regions.
Describe ways geographic features and conditions influenced settlement (e.g., near waterways, on high terrain, with adequate fresh water, on good land for farming, in temperate climates) in different periods of time, places, and regions.
Analyze the impact of cultural and scientific contributions of ancient civilizations on later civilizations
  • Mesopotamia - laws of Hammurabi
  • Egypt - mummification, hieroglyphs, papyrus
  • China - silk, gun powder/fireworks, compass
  • Central and South America - astronomy, agriculture
Identify cultural norms that influence different social, political and economic activities of men and women.
Explain how trade promoted economic growth throughout world regions.
  • Assess Egypt’s achievements in writing, science, math, and medicine.
  • Examine the importance of religion and the afterlife to ancient Egyptians.
  • Explain the power the Pharaohs had in political and religious matters.
  • Determine how the geography of North Africa affected the growth and development of Egyptian Civilization.
Content/Core Ideas
  • Religious values have shaped political systems in Egypt (theocracies).
  • Belief systems and religions are sets of mutual values that help to explain the way the world and humanity work.
  • Physical geography of a place can affect the growth and development of a civilization.
  • Ancient civilizations made scientific, cultural, and political discoveries that have shaped our understanding of the world today.
Academic Vocabulary
  • inundation
  • deity
  • afterlife
  • mummy
  • cataract
  • nation-state
  • dynasty
  • architecture
  • beliefs
  • hieroglyphics
  • papyrus
  • pyramid
  • prosperity
  • vizier
  • heir
  • annex
  • nome
  • pharaoh
  • ceramic
  • obelisk
  • independence
  • trading network
  • ally
  • mineral
  • trade route