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6th Grade: Early People
Big Idea
We are a product of our past and what we value we pass on to the future.

People move for different social, political, and economic reasons.

Where we are influences who we are.

People have unlimited wants and only limited resources.
Essential Questions
  • How has the past influenced me to play a role in my community?
  • How has where I live influenced me?
  • What is it that we value that we will likely pass on?
  • What essential components are needed to create culture?
  • What factors led to the development of culture?

Describe the characteristics of hunting and gathering societies in the Americas.
Describe the factors that cause regions and places to change.
Describe ways that human dependence on natural resources influences economic development, settlement, trade and migration.
Describe factors (i.e., farming methods, domestication of animals) that led to the development of cultures and civilizations from hunting and gathering societies.
Describe the environmental, economic, cultural and political effects of human migrations and cultural diffusion on places and regions.
Describe the intended and unintended consequences of human modification (e.g., irrigation, aqueducts, canals) on the environment.
Describe the cultures of the Mogollon, Anasazi (Ancestral Pueblo), and Hohokam
  • location, agriculture, housing, arts, and trade networks
  • how these cultures adapted to and altered their environment
Identify factors (e.g., river/coastal civilizations, trade that influence the location, distribution, and inter-relationships of economic activities over time in different regions.
Describe ways geographic features and conditions influenced settlement (e.g., near waterways, on high terrain, with adequate fresh water, on good land for farming, in temperate climates) in different periods of time, places, and regions.
Describe the Adena, Hopewell, and Mississippian mound-building cultures
  • location, agriculture, housing, arts, and trade networks
  • how these cultures adapted to and altered their environment
Identify cultural norms that influence different social, political and economic activities of men and women.
Explain why specialization improves standards of living.
Describe the lifestyles of humans in the Paleolithic and Neolithic Ages.
  • Use skills to create, analyze, and apply map skills, timelines, charts, graphs, etc.
  • Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical references from it, and cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from text.
  • Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally)
  • Determine and describe the difference between Paleolithic versus Neolithic daily life characteristics and justify your conclusions.
  • Evaluate the significance Paleolithic and Neolithic daily life has had on human history including the migration into North America.
  • Explain how humans living together in settlements developed shared customs, beliefs, ideas, languages, and specialization which gave identity to the group (throughout the world including North America).
Content/Core Ideas
  • Geographic diversity of the world has significantly influenced physical mobility and the course of human development
  • The lifestyles during the Stone Ages and Ice Ages were distinctive and laid the foundation for future civilizations.
  • The physical environment and natural resources of the world promoted development of the first human settlements and cultural systems.
  • The Neolithic Revolution was a technological development that radically changed the nature of a human society and led the way to more stable human settlements and communities.
  • Early human settlements relied on favorable geographic areas where humans could adapt these environments to produce food and build shelters.
  • Settlements of people left behind artifacts that archaeologists collect to learn more about the lives of people.
Academic Vocabulary
  • natural resources
  • migration
  • archeology
  • artifact
  • technology
  • agriculture
  • civilization
  • scarcity
  • shortage
  • Paleolithic Age
  • Neolithic Age
  • domestication
  • specialization
  • nomad
  • band
  • Arizona Connections:
  • mound
  • earthworks
  • mica
  • maize
  • plaza
  • chiefdom
  • palisade
  • pithouse
  • Rancheria
  • kiva
  • canal
  • irrigation
  • ancestral
  • pueblo
  • adobe
  • petroglyph
  • consequence
  • descendant
  • extinct
  • obsidian
  • Pastoral society
  • ziggurat